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tv   CBS Evening News With Katie Couric  CBS  September 30, 2009 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT

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>> couric: tonight, indonesians run for their lives after a powerful earth wake. hundreds are feared dead. and devastation in the samoas as the tsunami sweeps away villages killing more than 100. i'm katie couric, also tonight, the war in afghanistan. the commander wants more troops. will the commander-in-chief provide them? the president meets with his national security team. the first lady carries the torch to copenhagen, hoping to win the olympics for chicago. follow the yellow brick road to the land of oz, still busling with visitors 70 years later.
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♪ that's how we laugh the day away ♪ in the very old land of oz captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with katie couric. >> couric: good evening, everyone. scientists call it a ring of fire, a part of the globe often rocked by violent undersea earthquake, volcanos and tsunamis. tonight, massive reliefers are under way following two disasters in less than 24 hours. officials in the snow was now say more than 100 people were killed by the tsunami that struck yesterday triggered by a powerful earthquake. entire villages were flattened by the wall of water. today, thousands of niles the west, another devastating quake, this one off the coast of indonesia. at least 75 bodies have been recovered so far. but as celia hatton reports, the toll is expected to go much higher. >> reporter: thousands could be trapped alive in collapsed
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buildings on the indonesian island city of padang. authorities say untold numbers of homes, hotels, schools and shops have crumbled to the ground. >> what we're hearing from padang is sporadic,ons are down, but what we have heard is that this was a huge earthquake and there has been significant damage. there are obviously large numbers dead and injured and we expect those numbers to increase as daylight breaks. >> reporter: victims stay 7.6 magnitude quake made the ground shake so hard people outside had to sit down on the street to avoid falling over. rescuers don't fully know the extent of the damage left by the quake. it's still too early. landslides have cut off roads, electricity and power lines, further isolating the people who need help the most. thousands of quake victims are spending the night out in the open for lack of shelter.
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the nation's leaders are warning the death toll could rise substantially. >> there will be challenges primarily to get aid into the city. we'll have to look at air, land, the other neighboring provinces are ten hours by road. >> reporter: at least two hospitals are rumored to have been destroyed and a number of sharp aftershocks sent a wave of panic through the city in the early evening. the quake hit the same fault line that caused 2004's asian tsunami that killed over 230,000 people. a tsunami warning was issued, but later canceled. this region's often shaken by earthquakes but officials say this quake has left them preparing for an emergency response that could last months. celia hatton, cbs news, beijing. >> couric: by plane and boat, supplies are headed for samoas tonight. more than a thousand people lost their homes in american samoa when four giant waves crashed assure. residents had little time to get to higher ground as bill
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whitaker reports. >> reporter: just 20 minutes after the magnitude 8 earthquake hit pago pago, the capital of american samoa, the first wave of the tsunami hit. it roared ashore, sweeping away trucks, houses, everything in its path. with no time to run, the couple shooting this video prayed. >> lord,rot the things that are going on here. >> reporter: a rapid series of waves... >> this is the second wave. >> reporter: ...four in all 15 to to feet high pushed in as far as a mile like a river of mud. one mother watched helplessly as her three young children playing on the beach were swept away. >> the tsunami came in fast, really fast. and it swept the whole area over here. >> reporter: in its wake, a debris field breath taking in its scope. collapsed houses, buses, boats tossed like toys, a car in a second story window. on the nearby island of snow wap lepa, a village of 17 the people was all but washed away.
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they're looking for survivors. >> reporter: just west, t.v. 3 new zealand reporter michael morrah saw miles and miles of devastation. >> the hospitals at the moment have got a pretty massive job. they've got a lot of bodies coming in. there's not much hope here. >> reporter: the international response has been swift. fema and the coast guard flew in supplies overnight. new zealand and australia are sending in aide. samoans in southern california are helping and hurting. >> my husband lost his brother-in-law along with eight children. >> reporter: a story all too familiar in the samoan islands. president obama has declared american samoa a disaster area which means the relief will continue pouring in. katie? >> couric: bill whitaker. bill, thanks very much. that wall of water, by the way, was traveling at the speed of a jumbo jet when it hit the samoas.
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john blackstone looks tonight at the science of tsunamis. >> reporter: their destructive power is undeniable, but scientists say much about tsunamis remains mysterious. each new one is an opportunity to learn more. testimony sea floor ridess, pushes the water up. >> pushes the water up and create this is big instabilityl. >> reporter: yesterday, 120 miles south of samoa where two sections of the earth's crust-- the australian plate and the pacific plate-- meet, the pacific plate began moving. it buckled and cracked creating an earthquake that shook the ocean floor in a place where the pacific is more than four miles deep. that energy propelled up a column of water and the open ocean, all that energy barely made waves on the surface. >> if you're out on the open ocean, a tsunami wave can pass underneath you and you wouldn't even know it. >> reporter: as waves move into shallower water near shore, their height can grow to
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catastrophic size, up to 100 feet high, moving at speeds of 500 miles an hour or more, too fast to outrun. >> they travel at very high speeds, often times at the speed of a jet airliner. >> reporter: that speed and the lack of an early warning system is one reason 230,000 died in the 2004 indian ocean tsunami. yesterday, samoa had only about a two-minute warning. getting better alerts is why scientists at the u.s. geological survey look for new answers in every tsunami. >> each one is a surprise that has some aspect of unexpected behavior associated with it. >> reporter: here at the u.s.g.s. where they track seismic activity around the world in realtime, the pins were going off the chart yesterday when the 8.0 earthquake hit that caused the tsunami. a dramatic display of nature's power. john blackstone, cbs news, california. >> couric: now to the war in afghanistan. president obama has to make a big decision and soon. should she send more u.s. troops to fight the taliban or rely
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more on special forces and attacks from unmanned aircraft or drones? today, national security correspondent david martin tells us the president convened his war council to examine the options. >> reporter: the vice president led a parade of top advisors to the white house this afternoon for what could be one of the most important meetings of the obama presidency. subject:edw many troops are nee? it will take more than one meeting to crack that. >> i think at least three more already on the working schedule and i assume there will be more after. that. >> reporter: general stanley mcchrystal, the american commander in afghanistan who has warned the war could be lost without more troops joined the meeting by video teleconference. his mission is complex, but the bottom line is simple: prevent afghanistan from ever again becoming a safe haven from which al qaeda could launch another 9/11. today, the nation's top counterterrorism official told congress al qaeda is on the ropes, its leadership desz mate
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bid c.i.a. drone strikes but still dangerous operating out of safe havens in pakistan. >> we asthaesz the al qaeda core is actively engaged in operational plotting and continues recruiting, training, and transporting operatives to include individuals from western europe and the united states. >> reporter: in afghanistan mcchrystal is fighting al qaeda's ally, the taliban, and these maps, charting insurgent violence from 2007 to the present, clearly show enemy is gaining ground. the pentagon is rushing over more armored vehicles to protect soldiers from roadside bomb bus mcscifl asking for tens of thousands more troops. katie, today's meeting lasted three hours. much of it taken up with briefings on the latest intelligence from afghanistan and pakistan. the next meeting with the president is scheduled for a week from today. >> couric: all right. david martin reporting from the pentagon tonight. thank you, david. next week, we'll taken a extensive look at the war, including reports from the
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battlefield and interviews with key decision makers in a special series "afghanistan: the road ahead." now to another foreign policy challenge, iran's nuclear program. tomorrow iran begins important talks involving six world powers the u.s., russia, china, britain france, and germany. elizabeth palmer is in geneva tonight and, liz, with iran saying it won't cut back or back down on its nuclearato this meeting? >> they're working very hard to keep expectations low, although they have said negotiations could go more than one round. however, a senior administration official told me it's fair to expect that this is going extraordinarily difficult. >> couric: and what kind of signal do you think iranians are sending by the man that they've actually chosen to negotiate? i understand some u.s. officials are disappointed. >> he's a very stern individual, saeed jalili, he's the chief
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nuclear negotiator. but he's a religious conservative and very hard line. some diplomats are disappointed that the head of iran's energy... nuclear energy agency didn't come. he was educated at m.i.t., much more worldly, respected, and well liked. that would have sent a more conciliatory message. >> couric: and finally, liz, what in your view will constitute a successful meeting? >> if both parties retire to the respective capitals and talk with a date to meet again, that means that they have at least an agenda that they think they can engage on. >> couric: all right. liz palmer in geneva tonight, liz, thank you. meanwhile, in washington today, the supreme court agreed to take up the constitutionality of chicago's ban on handguns. last year, the high court said a handgun ban in the district of columbia violated the second amendment. now with the chicago case, the justices will decide whether the d.c. ruling should apply to other cities and state laws as well.
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and coming up next here on the "cbs evening new," the first lady tries to convince the international olympic committee that chicago is their kind of town. ring ring ring.
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i didn't know what to do. right about then, our doctor mentioned the exelon patch. he said it releases medicine continuously for 24 hours. he said it could help with her cognition which includes things like memory, reasoning, communicating and understanding. (announcer) the most common side effects of exelon patch are nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. the likelihood and severity of these side effects may increase as the dose increases. patients may experience loss of appetite or weight. patients who weigh less than 110 pounds may experience more side effects. people at risk for stomach ulcers or who take certain other medicine should talk to their doctor because serious stomach problems, such as bleeding may worsen. mom's diagnosis was hard to hear, but there's something i can do. (announcer) ask your doctor about the exelon patch. visit exelonpatch.com to learn more. >> couric: it was once seen as the future of american car companies, but saturn will soon be history. g.m. said today it's shutting
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the division after a deal to sell it to auto racing giant roger pinsky fell apart. a spokesman for pinsky says he walked away when he couldn't find another company to build the cars. in other news, the dream team pushing chicago's bid for the 2016 olympic summer games is nearly complete. first lady michelle obama landed today in denmark where olympic officials are meeting. tonight she got to meet one of her childhood heroes, gold medal gymnast nadia comaneci, one of the former olympians helping to sell the windy city. the team captain, meanwhile, president obama, arrives friday ahead of the final vote. national correspondent deal reynolds has more tonight on the battle for chicago. >> reporter: with nearly three million residents, chicago is a bustling, big-shouldered city where it's felt the summer olympics would be right at home. >> we have an opportunity to really showcase chicago. we know we can deliver a spectacular olympic and paraolympic games. >> reporter: chicago has a lot
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going for it. the president of the united states its chief cheerleader, lake michigan is its breathtaking backdrop, and many olympic venues leer already built. no wonder boosters argue that the games and chicago will be good for each other. >> we're talking about creating jobs, we're talking about all sorts of opportunities for local residents. now's exactly time to want to do something like this. >> reporter: chicago, understandably, is showing its best side to the international olympic committee, but there are other less attractive points to be made. chicago has a chronic problem with violence, especially teen violence. and while its murder rate is still only half of rio de janeiro's, it is well ahead of madrid or-ukñss
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honor student on the south side, murdered apparently because he refused to join a gang. >> our president and our mayor and our governor is over in copenhagen when right here we got savagery going on in the streets of chicago. >> reporter: critics ask how chicago can even begin to think about hosting a $4.8 billion event when it's currently running a $300 million deficit and has had to close down city hall for a day just to save money. they question the city's priorities. >> the state and the city were able to find money for olympics but when it came to actual basic services to make people's lives better, there's nothing to be found. >> reporter: others are skeptical about a plan to privately finance the games, which could always get more expensive as many projects around here seem to do. >> throw in the chicago way which says something between cost overruns, corruption, political connections, you're just asking for trouble. >> reporter: still, los angeles, atlanta, and salt lake city all
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staged successful games that made money and benefited their communities. those who would bring the olympic games here believe chicago can do at least as well. dean reynolds, cbs news, chicago >> couric: coming up next, the h1n1 vaccine on its way, so why are some pregnant women and their doctors saying "no thanks"? for arthritis pain... in your hands... knees... and back. for little bodies with fevers.. and big bodies on high blood pressure medicine. tylenol works with your body... in a way other pain relievers don't... so you feel better... knowing doctors recommend tylenol... more than any other brand of pain reliever.
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>> couric: now to the h1n1 flu today's states told federal government just how much vaccine they'll need. health officials say some of the first doses should go to pregnant women. they're 1% of the population, but they account for 6% of the h1n1 fatalities-- 28 so far. still, dr. jennifer ashton tells us not all pregnant women are eager to get the vaccine. i erin mahoney is pregnant and thinks she's lucky, not brave, to be one of the roughly 100 pregnant women around the country testing the new flu vaccine. >> i thought no reason to be nervous about getting the vaccine now. >> reporter: but many pregnant women are nervous about whether this new vaccine-- produced and tested so quickly-- is really safe. only one in six pregnant women even get a regular flu shot. >> it's a difficult out in crack. the pregnant population is resistant. >> reporter: the clinical trials have found no safety problems so far. still, when the vaccine is given to millions, the government
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doesn't want people to jump to conclusions about any complications that may occur. some 2,400 miscarriages occur everyday, so health officials caution peel should not assume they were caused by the vaccine. >> some medical events will happen in the days following the vaccination. the question is are they related. >> reporter: the american college of okayis pushing hard for doctors to vaccinate their patients, saying any possible risk from the vaccine is less than the risk of from the virus. angie stuteville died this week in missouri just after giving birth. >> the largest number of deaths is in the pregnant women. thesn a healthy mother. >> reporter: an added benefit, a pregnant woman vaccinated passes along the protection to her newborn. katie? >> couric: dr. jennifer ashton. jennifer, thank you. still ahead, can you name the most-watched film in history featuring the greatest movie song of all time? we'll unravel every riddle next.
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you've wanted to quit smoking so many times, but those days came and went, and the cigarettes remained. but today's a new day. and a few simple steps can make a real difference in your next quit... things like starting with a plan to quit smoking... getting support... and talking to your doctor about how prescription treatments can help you.
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talk to your doctor about prescription treatment options. and make this time, your time. if you like your doctor or health care plan, you can keep it. insurance companies will be prohibited from... denying you coverage because of your medical history, dropping your coverage if you get sick, or watering down your coverage when it counts. because there's no point in having health insurance... if it's not there when you need it. insurance companies will no longer be able to place... some arbitrary cap on the amount of coverage... you can receive in a given year or lifetime, and we will place a limit on how much you can... be charged for out-of-pocket expenses. because no one in america should go broke... just because they get sick. we'll require insurance companies... to cover routine check-ups and preventive care, like mammograms and colonoscopies. if you don't have health insurance, you'll finally have quality affordable options once we pass reform.
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and i will not sign on to any health plan... that adds to our deficits over the next decade. everyone will have the security and stability that's missing today. >> couric: finally tonight, it
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was 1939, america was in a depression but hollywood was turning out gold from "gone with the wind" to "the wizard of oz". the american film institute calls it the greatest movie ever and "over the rainbow" the greatest movie song. and kelly wallace tells us the wizard is still a part of every child in america. ♪ somewhere over the rainbow... ♪ >> reporter: 70 years after judy garland sang her way into stardom... >> i have a feeling we're not in kansas anymore. >> reporter: ..."the wizard of oz" is still capturing the hearts and minds of audiences everywhere. ♪ we're off to see the wizard... ♪ >> reporter: in fact, it's considered the most-watched movie of all time. >>ep guild... ♪ >> reporter: munchkin jerry merin is now 89. ♪ in the name of the lollipop guild, we wish to mel come you to munchkin land ♪ >> reporter: he remembers being
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blown away his first day on the set. >> i'd never seen a little person before and my god i was in my glory. >> reporter: the empire state building sparkled ruby red as jerry and his fellow surviving munchkins celebrated "oz's" 70th anniversary. judy garland's daughter lorna luft recalled some of her mom's memories from the set. >> she had a very, very hard time being afraid of margaret hamilton because margaret hamilton was such a lovely woman. >> i'll get you, my pretty! >> they would try to have tea on the set and margaret's green makeup would fall in the tea and it all became sort of a disaster >> i'm melting! >> reporter: it could have been a financial disaster. made for almost $3 million in 1939, "the wizard of oz" didn't make a profit until ten years later. to date, it's grossed over $227 million worldwide. >> emerald city is closer and prettier than ever! >> reporter: now emerald city
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has gone blue as in blu ray high definition d.v.d.. >> how long can you stay fresh in n that can? >> reporter: the wizards at warner brothers got the original negative from the vault and digitally scanned it in high resolution. now it honors the movie for the technicolor triumph it once was. >> what we're able to see now-- which was always in the negative-- the frek kels in dorothy's face, the rivets in the tin man's costume. >> reporter: it's a far cry from the way it looked during its television debut in 1956 when lorna-- her half sister lies zi minnelli and their mother watched-- along with nearly 45 million others here on cbs. >> i wouldded laugh and tell stories and my mom will always be dorothy. >> there niece place like home. >> reporter: kelly wallace, cbs news, new york.
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>> couric: i want to see it again for something like the 127th time. and that is the "cbs evening news" for tonight. i'm katie couric. thanks for watching. see you tomorrow. good night. ♪ you're off to see ca from the first local station with news in high- definition. this is 9news now. good evening, tonight in your only local news at 7:00 p.m. our top story gabbing recruiting and it is all in the family. a man using his teenage daughter to get members to join and big brother will soon have more eyes on you behind the wheel. more speed cameras going in in maryland. >> reporter: i'm scott broom with highway workers. new cameras for work zones go into effect tomorrow. >> every day we have workers who come into their office. this is their office. you can see how close

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